Craniofacial disorders refer to a group of deformities of the face and head caused by abnormal growth of the skull and facial bones. These deformities are congenital or present at birth. There are many variations of craniofacial disorders and varying degrees of severity. While some are mild and may require minimal treatment, others may require multiple surgeries over your child's early years and into the teens. Your child will be carefully evaluated during the first few weeks of life to determine a long-term care plan. While some cases are associated with genetics, in many cases, the exact cause is unknown. A craniofacial condition may also involve disfigurement caused by disease or trauma.