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Heart Failure

Heart Failure & Transplant Indicators

The heart works 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It is the hardest working muscle in the body. During the average lifetime, the heart beats more than three billion times, pumping about one million barrels of blood through the body.

The leading causes of heart failure – and indications for heart transplant – include:

  • Myocarditis - an inflammation of the heart muscle caused by infections, viruses, or immune diseases
  • Cardiomyopathy - a weakening of the heart muscle
  • Congenital heart disease that cannot be corrected with conventional surgery.
  • Life threatening heart rhythms that do not respond to medications or other more invasive treatments.

The heart is a four-chamber organ (about the size of your fist) with two chambers on top (atrium) and two on the bottom (ventricles). The right and left sides of the heart are separated by muscle tissue called the septum. There are four valves within the heart that help direct blood flow.