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Syndromic Craniosynostosis

• A condition in which the fibrous sutures in an infant's skull close too early
• Causes problems with normal brain and skull growth
• May also cause the pressure inside of the head to increase and the skull or facial bones to change from a normal, symmetrical appearance, resulting in an abnormal head shape and facial features

There are more than 150 syndromes associated with craniosynostosis.
• About 20 percent of cases are associated with syndromes such as Crouzon and Apert syndrome.
• These syndromes can sometimes be traced to a family history, although many are caused by new genetic mutations in which there is no associated family history
• If necessary, genetic testing is available to confirm the diagnosis of a specific syndrome.

Common craniosynostosis syndromes:
• Apert syndrome
• Crouzon syndrome
• Pfeiffer syndrome
• Saethre-Chotzen syndrome