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Types of Hearing Loss

Hearing loss can be caused by a variety of factors including conditions present at birth, exposure to loud noises, ear infections, illness, trauma or ear disease. Noise-induced hearing loss is on the rise affecting approximately 12 percent of all children ages 6 to 19.

There are two primary categories of hearing loss in children, congenital (present at birth) and acquired (occurring after birth). These hearing losses may be sensorineural, conductive or mixed.

Sometimes hearing loss in young children can be temporary, caused by earwax or middle-ear infections. Oftentimes, these children can have their hearing loss restored through medical treatment or minor surgery.

Some children have sensorineural hearing loss (sometimes called nerve deafness), which is permanent. Most of these children have some usable hearing, and are candidates for hearing aids.